Putting the concrete on your floor should be a process that gives you a smooth and flawless finish with no bumpy lumps here and there. But sometimes, getting this smooth finish is not as easy as you may think it is. You can only master this smooth finish with a lot of skills as well as tools and practice in doing this over and over again. If you think that you are going to nail this in just one go, you are mistaken. A good way to go about this if you are going to do this by yourself is to have a small practice session or two on a small sample space before you go all the way and start doing the complete floor. Remember however that when you do this in a small area it could be different than a big area as the concrete might also have set when you finish one corner and go to the next.
Screeding the Concrete
This should be your first step when you are practicing basically. What you should do in this case is to push and pull the screed boards across the forms with a motion that goes back and forth. Then start shoving the concrete into the low spots in front of the screed board. You should then resume the movement once more to remove any excess concrete that may be remaining, you will need to continue this for a bit until you get the right results.
Darby the Concrete
Have you seen a small handheld tool that resembles a flat board stuck to a wide handle? Well this is called a Darby and if you plan on doing the concreting for your floor, you should own one. Darbying the concrete is the term given to the process of moving this tool in overlapping arcs across the surface of the laid out concrete to flatten up the surface. You can also use this to push down any lumps and bumps and also fill in voids if there are any. You should always remember to lift up the leading edge of the Darby slightly to keep the tool level with the surface. Always make two passes over the same area.
Wait For the Surface Water to Disappear
You may want to now float your concrete and edge it or join it but you should definitely wait for the surface water to disappear before you do this. Once you smooth it as before the water will bleed out for a short while until it has been reabsorbed into the concrete. Working on the concrete before the water bleeds will make the surface weaker once it has dried out. Once this has been settled you can use a trowel machine to smooth out the concrete including floating and edging it out.
Broom for Footing
Once all of this has been completed the concrete would have settled in somewhat too. At this point, you should drag a broom across the concrete to create the right amount of texture unless you want something that has no texture and is gleaming smooth. But remember that brooming can help you actually walk on the floor once it has set and will minimize slipping.